Arman Salavitabar

Arman Salavitabar

Founding Partner, FundFront


How Feeder Funds Work for Wealth Managers

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Feeder funds are a key component of the alternative investment industry, offering investors access to larger, often exclusive, investment opportunities. This article explores the mechanics of feeder funds, their benefits, and provides a detailed guide for wealth managers looking to establish their own feeder fund programs.

What are Feeder Funds?

Definition and Structure

Feeder funds are investment vehicles that pool capital from multiple investors to invest in a master fund. The master fund then allocates these resources to various underlying investments, such as hedge funds, private equity, or other alternative assets. This structure allows investors to gain exposure to diverse, high-entry-barrier investments with a lower individual capital requirement.

How Feeder Funds Operate

  1. Capital Pooling: Investors commit capital to the feeder fund.
  2. Investment in Master Fund: The feeder fund channels pooled capital into the master fund.
  3. Management and Allocation: The master fund, managed by a professional fund manager, invests in various assets according to its strategy.
  4. Returns Distribution: Profits and losses from the master fund’s investments are distributed back to the feeder fund, which then allocates these returns to individual investors based on their initial contribution.

Benefits of Feeder Funds

Advantages for Investors

  • Access to High-Entry-Barrier Investments: Feeder funds lower the capital requirement threshold, allowing smaller investors to participate in exclusive investment opportunities.
  • Diversification: By pooling resources, feeder funds provide exposure to a diversified portfolio of assets.
  • Professional Management: Investors benefit from the expertise and strategic acumen of seasoned fund managers.

Advantages for Wealth Managers

  • Client Attraction and Retention: Offering access to high-quality investments can attract new clients and retain existing ones.
  • Economies of Scale: Pooling resources can lead to lower transaction costs and more efficient capital deployment.
  • Enhanced Service Offering: Wealth managers can differentiate their services by providing clients with unique investment opportunities.

Creating a Feeder Fund Program: A Detailed Step-by-Step Guide

Understanding Regulatory Requirements

The first step in establishing a feeder fund is understanding the regulatory environment. This involves:

  • Compliance: Ensuring the feeder fund adheres to local and international regulations. This includes anti-money laundering (AML) and know-your-customer (KYC) requirements.
  • Licensing: Acquiring necessary licenses to operate as a fund manager or administrator. This can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific type of investments involved.
  • Disclosure: Preparing comprehensive disclosure documents outlining risks, fees, and investment strategies. These documents must be clear and transparent to meet regulatory standards and build investor trust.


Designing the Feeder Fund Structure

Decide on the specific structure of the feeder fund:

  • Legal Structure: Choose the appropriate legal entity (e.g., limited partnership, LLC). The choice will impact tax treatment, liability, and administrative complexity.
  • Fund Size: Determine the target size of the feeder fund. This includes setting minimum and maximum investment amounts to balance access and manageability.
  • Fee Structure: Establish the management and performance fees. These fees should be competitive yet reflective of the value provided by professional management and access to exclusive investments.


Partnering with a Master Fund

Selecting a suitable master fund is critical:

  • Due Diligence: Conduct thorough due diligence on potential master funds, assessing their performance, strategy, and management team. Review historical performance, risk management practices, and the alignment of interests.
  • Alignment of Interests: Ensure that the investment strategy of the master fund aligns with the goals of your clients. This includes considering the types of assets, risk tolerance, and expected returns.


Setting Up the Feeder Fund

  • Formation: Legally establish the feeder fund, adhering to all regulatory requirements. This involves registering the fund, drafting legal documents, and setting up necessary administrative structures.
  • Documentation: Prepare offering documents, subscription agreements, and other necessary legal documentation. These should detail the investment strategy, risks, fees, and other critical information.
  • Administration: Set up administrative processes for fund accounting, investor reporting, and compliance monitoring. Consider outsourcing to a professional fund administrator to ensure accuracy and efficiency.


Marketing the Feeder Fund

  • Target Audience: Identify and target potential investors who would benefit from the feeder fund’s offerings. This could include high-net-worth individuals, family offices, and institutional investors.
  • Value Proposition: Clearly articulate the benefits of investing in the feeder fund, emphasizing access to exclusive investments, diversification, and professional management. Use data and case studies to support your claims.
  • Investor Relations: Develop robust investor relations practices to maintain transparency and trust. This includes regular communication, performance updates, and addressing investor queries promptly.


Managing the Feeder Fund

  • Ongoing Compliance: Regularly review and ensure compliance with all regulatory requirements. Stay updated on any changes in regulations that could impact the fund.
  • Performance Monitoring: Continuously monitor the performance of the master fund and the feeder fund’s alignment with its investment objectives. Adjust strategies as needed to meet performance goals.
  • Reporting: Provide regular updates to investors, including performance reports, market insights, and strategic adjustments. Transparency is key to maintaining investor confidence and satisfaction.



Feeder funds offer wealth managers the ability to enhance their service offerings by providing clients with access to exclusive investment opportunities. By understanding the structure and benefits of feeder funds and following a systematic approach to establishing a feeder fund program, wealth managers can create significant value for their clients and differentiate themselves in the competitive investment landscape.

If you’re facing challenges in establishing your own feeder fund program, FundFront can provide bespoke solutions to help you navigate the complexities and maximize your investment potential. Contact us today to learn how we can assist you in achieving your goals.

Written by:

Arman Salavitabar

Arman Salavitabar

Founding Partner, FundFront

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